Water Journal : Water Journal December 2014
DECEMBER 2014 water 29 Feature article coMpliance wiTh enviRonMenT and public healTh RegulaTions In Australia, lack of coordination of policies and regulations that govern conservation and reuse and legal fragmentation are significant barriers to sustainable urban water management. The study wanted to know how the key stakeholders in Adelaide perceived these issues; accordingly the survey asked the respondents to indicate their agreement/disagreement with two statements related to compliance with the regulations governing water reuse (see Figure 3). Around 35 per cent agreed with the findings of the study and perceived full compliance with environmental and public health regulations as a barrier to implementing IUWM. Interestingly, more respondents (around 43 per cent) disagreed with the statement and perceived this was not a barrier; instead, they believed full compliance to be ‘necessary’ and that it can be a driver because more wastewater and stormwater reuse means less environmental impact. Marsden Jacobs (2013) agree and argue that with legislative environment in Australia continuously evolving “the environmental, health and economic regulation in each jurisdiction is relatively clear and understood by most water service providers” (p. 13). conclusion Urbanisation, growing population, economic growth and climate change have all placed increasing pressure on the existing water supplies and raised concerns about environmental impacts. As a result, it is crucial to adapt an integrated approach to urban water management, which includes diversifying urban water supplies and including new sources of water, e.g . stormwater, recycled wastewater and desalinated water. While there is a growing support for implementing a portfolio of water supply sources, it is also true there are challenges and barriers to implementing this approach. Mostly, the impediments are socio-institutional and at policy and legal areas, and are predominantly related to the ‘new’ water sources. Addressing these issues and achieving sustainable urban water management may require institutional change and extensive redesign of organisations and their basic operating practices (Brown, 2008). This implies two factors – organisational culture and institutional capacity – are important to achieving organisational transformation. But achieving (cultural) transformations to encourage institutional change for implementation of an integrated urban water management approach may take several years and, therefore, planners and policy makers must have a long-term framework for addressing these issues. wJ acknowledgeMenT This study acknowledges the sponsorship by the Goyder Institute for Water Research, South Australia. The Authors are also grateful to the participants for their time and effort. The Authors also thank Kathryn Bellette for assisting in the stakeholder identification process. RefeRences Brown R (2008): Local Institutional Development and Organizational Change for Advancing Sustainable Urban Water Futures. Environmental Management, 41, 2, pp 221–233. Brown R & Farrelly M (2009): Delivering Sustainable Urban Water Management – A Review of the Hurdles We Face. Water Science and Technology, 59, 5, pp 839–846. Keremane G, Wu Z & McKay J (2014): Institutional Arrangements for Implementing Diverse Water Supply Portfolio in Metropolitan Adelaide – Scoping Study. Goyder Institute for Water Research Technical Report Series No. 14/14, Adelaide, South Australia. ISSN: 1839–2725. Lundy O & Cowling A (1996): Strategic Human Resource Management. London: Routledge. Marsden Jacob Associates (2013): Economic Viability of Recycled Water Schemes. Australian Water Recycling Centre of Excellence, Brisbane, Queensland. ISBN 66 663 324 657. Mukheibir P, Howe C & Gallet D (2014): What’s Getting in the Way of a ‘One Water’ Approach to Water Services Planning and Management? An Analysis of the Challenges and Barriers to an Integrated Approach to Water. AWA Water Journal, 41, 3, pp 67–73. Office for Water Security (2009): Water for Good: A Plan to Ensure Our Water Future to 2050. OWS, Adelaide. Spies B & Dandy G (2012): Sustainable Water Management: Securing Australia’s Future in a Green Economy, Report of a study by the Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering (ATSE). ISBN 978 1 921388 20 0. Wakely P (1997): Capacity Building for Better Cities. Journal of the Development Planning Unit, University College London. www.gdrc.org/ uem/capacity-build.html (accessed 7 November 2014). The auThoRs Dr Ganesh Keremane (email: ganesh. email@example.com) is a Research Fellow at the Centre for Comparative Water Policies and Laws, School of Law, University of South Australia. Dr Zhifang Wu (email: firstname.lastname@example.org. au) is a Research Fellow at the Centre for Comparative Water Policies and Laws, School of Law, University of South Australia. Professor Jennifer McKay (email: jennifer. email@example.com) is Professor of Business Law and foundation Director of the Centre for Comparative Water Policies and Laws, School of Law, University of South Australia. Figure 3. Key stakeholder perceptions on compliance with environment and public health regulations as barriers.
Water Journal November 2014
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