Water Journal : Current May 2017
executive summary water storage I n developing countries, it is reported that as much as 80% of prevalent illnesses are linked to poor water and sanitation conditions. In Kenya, 43% of people do not have access to clean water, and sometimes to fetch water some community members are required to walk for long distances. Incidentally, 64% of the households rely on women to fetch water when there is the absence of a home water reservoir or similarly close source. In almost all cases, plastic jerry cans obtained from chemical industries are used to ferry the water. The design of such jerr y cans makes it extremely difficult to clean the inside leading to the accumulation of grime, which becomes a possible breeding ground for disease causing microorganisms. With an estimated weight of 18kg when full, jerry cans have also been associated with musculoskeletal pain, especially in women who have to walk long distances carrying it. A NEW SOLUTION The water backpack (packH2O) has been designed as an alternative to jerr y cans. In the last four years, more than 10,000 water backpacks have been distributed by a local NGO to rural communities in four counties in Kenya. During distribution of the backpacks, the beneficiaries are trained on usage, water treatment methods, cleaning and solar sanitisation of the pack. This study was conducted to assess the utilisation of the backpack as an alternative water transport and storage device in the Embu, Machakos, Kilifi and Kiambu counties in Kenya. The study set out to determine the adoption of the backpack in water Water transport and storage using a water backpack www.awa.asn.au 120 AN EVALUATION OF A UTILISED DOMESTICATED WATER TRANSPORT AND STORAGE DEVICE IN KENYA. PG Kirira, SM Karenga, GN Michuki Staff from Partners for Care (PFC) conducting training on the use of the water backpack at Ishiara village, Machakos County. Photo courtesy of PFC.
Current Feb 2017
Current August 2017