Water Journal : Current May 2017
transport, storage and treatment, and the frequency of users cleaning the backpack’s liner. During the study, observations were also made to determine if the participants were able to use the backpack correctly. The study participants consisted of 403 people selected randomly from a population of those who had received a donation of a water backpack from Partners for Care, an NGO in Kenya. Observation and structured questionnaires were used to collect data. Data analysis was done using R statistical package, and descriptive statistics were used to present the data. KNOWLEDGE IS POWER From the study, it was observed that there was consistent usage of the water backpack over the jerry can. In addition, an average of 86% of all study participants in the four counties demonstrated they knew how to properly use the water backpack. More than 97% of the participants reported to be cleaning the water backpack liner using wiping and solar sanitisation. On the other hand, more than 91% of all the respondents reported that they treated their water by boiling (33%), water guard (44%), and a combination of WaterGuard and PUR water purification powder (57%). In Machakos and Kilifi counties, more than 67% of the respondents reported a marked reduction of pain since they started using the water backpack. In conclusion, there was strong evidence that the water backpacks are used correctly in Kenya and are replacing jerry cans in some places owing to their superior benefits. Peter Gakio Kirira has a PhD in Pharmaceutical Chemistry from Nagasaki University and is currently at Mount Kenya University. Samuel Mukiha Karenga is the Dean at the School of Postgraduate Studies at Mount Kenya University and the Head of Pure and Applied Sciences. George Ngondi Michuki is the director of the Africa Genomics Centre and Consultancy Company. To read the full article, visit the Water e-Journal at bit.ly/ water_ejournal In Kenya, 43% of people do not have access to clean water ... some community members are required to walk for long distances.
Current Feb 2017
Current August 2017