Water Journal : Water Journal September 2012-1
feature article feature articles 52 SEPTEMBER 2012 water Conclusion Planned and deliberate DWR is not a new concept and has been used around the world since the late 1960s. Countries such as Namibia and Singapore have successfully leveraged new treatment technologies and public acceptance programs to produce a stunning array of recycled water projects and systems that now underpin key commercial and industrial sectors. Nearly every visitor to Singapore has benefited from the NEWater program. Water recycling projects continue to expand and grow more needed in dry and parched states such as Texas in the US and the deserts of Saudi Arabia. Now Asian powerhouses of China and India are investing and planning major projects to recycle 100% of their wastewater, or are deliberately planning drinking water reuse projects to overcome chronic shortfalls in water supply. All of these countries know of the economic benefits and importance of using water more than once. As they continue down their path of rapid urbanisation and development, the need to recycle or reuse water will become an essential infrastructure platform rather than a luxury. John Poon is Principal Technologist, Regional Technology Leader -- Resource Systems Management, CH2M HILL Australia. John would like to acknowledge the support of Ms Sheila Ditty, CH2M HILL student intern, in preparing this article. References City of Tucson (2012): Reuse The Water In Your Home Instead Of Flushing And Draining It All Away, City of Tucson, viewed 2 August 2012. cms3.tucsonaz.gov/ocsd/water-reuse Cyclifer (2012): Reclaiming Waste Water, Netherlands Architecture Fund, viewed 2 August 2012. www.cyclifier.org/project/reclaming-wastewater/ Department for International Development (2012): DFID research finds huge reservoirs under Africa, Crown, viewed 2 August 2012. www.dfid.gov.uk/News/Latest-news/2012/Water-DFID-research-finds- huge-reservoirs-under-Africa/ Express News Service (2012): Singapore Company to help parched Delhi recycle waste water, Indian Express, 21 June. Galbraith K (2012): Taking the Ick Factor Out of Recycled Water, The New York Times, viewed 2 August 2012. www.nytimes.com/2012/07/26/ business/global/26iht-green26.html Galbraith K (2012): Texas Gets Creative with Recycling Water, The Texas Tribune, viewed 2 August 2012. www.texastribune.org/texas- environmental-news/water-supply/texas-gets-creative-recycled-water/ Gardner M (2012): State Unveils Water Project, The San Diego Union Tribune, viewed 2 August 2012. www.utsandiego.com/news/2012/jul/26/ tp-state-unveils-water-project/?tw_p=twt Global Water Intelligence (2009): Beijing steps up its commitment to 100% water reuse by 2013, Global Water Intelligence, Vol 10, Is 4, viewed 2 August 2012. Global Water Intelligence, Namwater (2012): Tenders, Namibia Water Corporation Ltd., viewed 2 August 2012. www.namwater.com.na/data/Tenders.asp Global Water Intelligence, Gubbison G (2011): Ready to Stomach Reclaimed Water?, NBC Universal Inc, viewed 2 August 2012. www.nbcsandiego. com/news/local/Ready-to-Stomach-Toilet-to-Tap-115143139.html Global Water Intelligence, Kathy Liu (2009): Beijing steps up its commitment to 100% water reuse by 2013. www.globalwaterintel.com/archive/10/4/ general/beijing-steps-up-its-commitment-to-100-water-reuse-by-2013.html Global Water Intelligence (2012): Saudi Arabia opens water reuse market, Media Analytics Ltd, viewed 2 August 2012. www.globalwaterintel.com/ archive/9/4/general/saudi-arabia-opens-water-reuse-market.html Information Office of the Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia (2012): Water Resources, Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia, viewed 2 August 2012. www.saudiembassy. net/about/country-information/agriculture_water/Water_Resources.aspx Roy S (2012): Delhi Airport to reuse recycled water, Hindustan Times, viewed 2 August 2012. www.hindustantimes.com/India-news/NewDelhi/ Delhi-airport-to-reuse-recycled-water/Article1-876782.aspx The Hinde (2012): Jal Boar, Singapore ink agreement on sharing waste water treatment expertise, The Hinde, 21 June. Water-technology.net (2011): Changi Water Reclamation Plant, Changi, Singapore, Net Resources International, viewed 2 August 2012. www. water-technology.net/projects/changi-reclamation/ Note From The Editor This edition of Water Journal has introduced an extensive discussion about water recycling that will take place across two issues. This month we have an international flavour, backed by a My Point Of View opinion piece from water re-use expert Linda Macpherson (see page 6) and technical papers on treatment and health risk management (see pages 53 and 58 respectively). These will be complemented in the next edition by a domestic perspective, including an overview of local developments and initiatives, insight to the activities of the Australian Water Recycling Centre of Excellence, and papers on aspects of the regulatory environment for recycled water, contamination risk management and community engagement and trust by relevant industry leaders. Readers should also watch for the release of the State of the Water Sector Survey at the AWA's 3rd Annual National Water Leadership Summit on 1st November. This report contains interesting data about industry participants' own perspectives on the ways in which water derived from various sources is most appropriately used. (Search: AWA Annual National Water Leadership Summit for details.) A wildlife pond in the San Joaquin Delta, Central Valley, California.
Water Journal November 2012-1
Water Journal August 2012