Water Journal : Water Journal September 2012-1
membrane technology refereed paper technical features 68 SEPTEMBER 2012 water Acknowledgements The MS-2 challenge testing was undertaken after commissioning of the GRWTP by the City Green Alliance. The challenge testing was managed by United Water on behalf of the City Green Alliance. The Authors are grateful to the operators and maintainers at the Glenelg plant for their contribution to the testing. The Authors wish to acknowledge Veolia Water Australia and Siemens for assistance in reviewing the test protocol and assessment of results and are also grateful to the South Australian Department of Health for feedback on the proposed methodology. The City Green Alliance also acknowledges the sponsorship of the challenge testing by SA Water. Lastly, we thank the reviewers for their comments. The Authors Rudi Regel (email: email@example.com. au) is the Recycled Water Coordinator at SA Water Corporation. He has worked for several years in wastewater and recycled water treatment. In previous roles he has managed research trials and overseen operation of MAR schemes with treated effluent and stormwater, and contributed to applied limnological investigations in Australian reservoirs and rivers. Craig Heidenreich (email: craig.heidenreich@allwater. net.au) is the Southern Plants Manager for Allwater responsible for operation of Christies Beach, Aldinga and Myponga WWTPs in Metropolitan Adelaide. Craig previously worked as Plant Manager for the Glenelg WWTP and RWTP when the work on the surrogate challenge testing of the UF membranes occurred. Alexandra Keegan (email: alex.keegan@sawater. com.au) is the leader of the Wastewater Research Program at the Australian Water Quality Centre, SA Water Corporation. References Adams MH (1959): Bacteriophages. Interscience Publishers, Inc., New York. Arkhangelsky E & Gitis V (2008): Effects of TMP on rejection by viruses by UF membranes. Separation and Purification Technology, 62(3), pp 619--628. City Green Alliance (2010a): Ultrafiltration (UF) membrane virus surrogate validation test report, November, 2010. City Green Alliance (2010b): GARWS Review of Compliance conditions, December 2010. Crozes GF, Sethi S, Mi B, J Curl & Marinas B (2002): Improving membrane integrity monitoring indirect methods to reduce plant downtime and increase microbial removal credit. Desalination, 149, pp 493--497. Farahbakhsh K, Adham SS & Smith DW (2003): Monitoring the integrity of low-pressure membranes. AWWA, 95(6), pp 95--107. Farahbakhsh K & Smith DW (2004): Removal of coliphages in secondary effluent by MF-mechanisms of removal and impact of operating parameters. Water Research, 38(3), pp 585-592. Guibert D & Colling A (2011): Direct membrane integrity testing: impact of parameter selection on log removal value calculations. Desalination, 272(1-3), pp 174--178. Humbert H, Machinal C, Labaye I & Schrotter JC (2011): Virus removal retention challenge tests performed at lab scale and pilot scale during operation of membrane units. Water Science and Technology, 63(2), pp 255--261. Jacangelo JG, Palania Brown NL, Madec A, Schwab K, Huffman D, Amy G, Mysore C, Leparc J & Prescott A (2006): Micro and ultrafiltration performance specifications based on microbial removal, Amercian Water Works Association Research Foundation, Report #2683. Jacangelo JG, Haiou H, Yong, TA & Madec A (2008): Virus removal by low pressure membranes in wastewater treatment: effects of ion composition and effluent organic matter. Membrane Technology, 12, pp 204--215. Keegan A (2010): Glenelg Recycled Water Treatment Plant UF Membrane LRV Assessment via Challenge Testing with MS Bacteriophage. Australian Water Quality Centre, 15 September 2010. Langlet J, Ogorzaly L, Schrotter JC, Machinal C, Gaborinaud F, Duval JFL & Gantzer C (2008): Efficiency of MS2 phage and Qb phage removal by membrane filtration in water treatment: applicability of real-time RT-PCR method. Journal of Membrane Science, 326(1), pp 111--116. Louins WA, Taylor SS & Hong SK (2004): Microorganism rejection by membrane systems. Environmental Engineering Science, 19(6), pp 453--465. NRMMC-EPHC-AHMC (Natural Resource Management Minisiterial Council, Environment Protection and Heritage Council, Australian Health Ministers Conference) (2006): Australian Guidelines for Water Recycling: Managing health and environmental risks: Phase 1. National Water Quality Management Strategy. NRMMC-EPHC-AHMC, Canberra, Australia. NSF (2009): Environmental Technology Verification Report -- Removal of microbial contaminants in drinking water. Siemens Corporation Memcor L20V ultrafiltration module (NSF 09/31/EPA DWCTR, EPA/600/R-09/108, September 2009. Tazi-Pain A, Schrotter JC & Gaid K (2006): How to select a membrane for water application. The experience of Veolia Water. Desalination, 199, pp 310--311. US Environmental Protection Agency (2005): Membrane Filtration Guidance Manual. US Environmental Protection Agency (2011): Final Environmental Technology Verification Protocol -- Generic protocol for the product specific challenge testing of microfiltration or ultrafiltration membrane modules. Prepared by NSF International, May 2011. Figure 6. Relationship of MS-2 LRV & TMP or R. Dataset excludes results for UF unit 5 on Day 1.
Water Journal November 2012-1
Water Journal August 2012